3-T MR neurography of lumbo-sacral plexus in hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis with polyneuropathy - IRSN - Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue European Radiology Année : 2022

3-T MR neurography of lumbo-sacral plexus in hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis with polyneuropathy

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Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the ability of magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) of the lumbo-sacral plexus (LSP) to distinguish patients with hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis with polyneuropathy (ATTRv-PN) from asymptomatic variant carriers (AVC) and healthy controls and to assess its prognostic value. Methods: Three-Tesla MRN was performed in 25 consecutive ATTRv-PN patients, 18 AVC, and 10 controls including T2-w DIXON and DWI MR sequences. Two blinded readers independently assessed LSP root diameter and intraneural signal on the MRN images of each subject. MRN findings were compared between groups and correlated with clinical impairment scored on the Neuropathy Impairment Score (NIS) and the modified Polyneuropathy Disability score (mPND). Results: The agreement between readers on MRN images was excellent (Cohen’s kappa = 0.82). LSP root enlargement was significantly more frequent in ATTRv-PN patients compared to AVC (ratio = 4.38, p = 0.038). Increased LSP root intraneural signal on T2-w images was significantly more frequent in ATTRv-PN patients compared to AVC (ratio = 3.4, p = 0.016). In contrast, there were no MRN abnormalities in controls. In ATTRv-PN patients, LSP root enlargement was associated with higher mPND scores (p = 0.03) and increased intraneural signal on T2-w images was associated with significantly higher NIS and mPND scores (p = 0.004 and 0.02, respectively). Conclusions: MRN of the LSP can help differentiate ATTRv-PN patients from AVC. LSP root enlargement and increased intraneural signal are significantly associated with clinical impairment, suggesting potential implications for patient care.
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irsn-03778978 , version 1 (16-09-2022)

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Jérôme Hodel, Samir Benadjaoud, Mohamed Amine Benadjaoud, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Violaine Planté-Bordeneuve. 3-T MR neurography of lumbo-sacral plexus in hereditary transthyretin-related amyloidosis with polyneuropathy. European Radiology, In press, ⟨10.1007/s00330-022-08748-w⟩. ⟨irsn-03778978⟩
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