Iodine distribution and volatilization in contrasting forms of forest humus during a laboratory incubation experiment - IRSN - Institut de radioprotection et de sûreté nucléaire Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Environmental Radioactivity Année : 2022

Iodine distribution and volatilization in contrasting forms of forest humus during a laboratory incubation experiment

Résumé

Radionuclides 129I (t1/2 = 15.7×106 years) and 131I (t1/2 = 8.02 days) are both introduced into the environment as a result of nuclear human activities. Environmental transfer pathways and fluxes between and within ecosystems are essential information for risk assessment. In forest ecosystems, humus degradation over time could result in re-mobilization and then downward migration and/or volatilization of intercepted 129I. In order to estimate the scale of these processes, humus (mull and moder forms) sampled under deciduous and coniferous forests were spiked with 125I– (t1/2 = 59.4 days), as a surrogate for 129I, in order to study the evolution of its water-soluble and organic fractions as well as the volatilization rate during humus degradation at laboratory scale. To our knowledge, this is the first time that interactions between iodine and contrasting forms of forest humus have been investigated. The evolution of native stable iodine (127I) pools in unspiked humus was also studied. The nature of the humus’ organic matter appears to be a factor that impacts on the proportions of water-soluble and organic fractions of iodine and on their evolution. Iodine-125 was mainly organically bound (fraction for mulls and moders: ~54-59 and 41-49%, respectively) and no clear evolution was observed within the 4-month incubation period. A large decrease in 125I water-solubility occurred, being more marked for mull (from ~14-32 to 3-7%) than for moder (from ~21-37 to 7-19%) humus. By contrast, a significant fraction was not extractible (~38-43%) and varied in inverse proportion to the water-soluble fraction, suggesting a stabilisation of iodine in humus after wet deposit. The nature of the humus organic matter also impacted on 125I volatilization. Although of the same order of magnitude, the total volatilization of 125I was higher for moders (~0.039-0.323%) than for mulls (~0.015-0.023%) within the 4-month incubation period. Volatilization rates for mulls were correlated with the water-soluble fraction, implying that volatilization of 125I could occur from the humus solution. Our results showed that humus is thus a zone of iodine accumulation by association with organic matter and that potential losses by lixiviation are significantly more important compared to volatilization.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Roulier et al postprint.pdf (1.05 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Roulier et al_Supplementary Information (002).pdf (643.97 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origine Fichiers produits par l'(les) auteur(s)
Licence

Dates et versions

irsn-04065105 , version 1 (11-04-2023)

Licence

Identifiants

Citer

Marine Roulier, Loic Carasco, Isabelle Le Hécho, Maïté Bueno, Daniel Orjollet, et al.. Iodine distribution and volatilization in contrasting forms of forest humus during a laboratory incubation experiment. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 2022, 248, pp.106872. ⟨10.1016/j.jenvrad.2022.106872⟩. ⟨irsn-04065105⟩
48 Consultations
92 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More