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Article Dans Une Revue Journal of Physics: Conference Series Année : 2019

Monte-Carlo simulations of electrostatic self-charging of tritiated tungsten and beryllium particles

Résumé

The electrostatic self-charging rate of tokamak dust is investigated using Geant4, a toolkit for the simulation of the passage of particles through matter. To do so, the particles geometrical characteristics, the β disintegration energy spectrum and the deepness of tritium infusion are taken into account. The investigated materials are tungsten and beryllium, the plasma facing components (PFC) of ITER, considered as spherical particles from 20 nm to 200 µm in diameter, both tritiated. Two cases of tritium distribution in the particles are examined. On the one hand, tritium is homogeneously distributed over the whole sphere; on the other hand, tritium is homogeneously distributed within the external 100 nm layer of the sphere. The selfcharging rate is assessed through the calculation of the particle exiting electron rate. Based on a tritium inventory of 10 GBq/g, relevant for ITER tokamak environment, our results show that, for a single tungsten or beryllium particle of 10 µm in diameter, the self-charging rate when the tritium is homogeneously distributed within the whole sphere is respectively 2.4 and 1.9 positive elementary charges per second. In the configuration where the tritium absorption is confined in the external 100 nm layer, the charge magnitude raises up to 37.1 and 8.4 respectively.
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irsn-04099274 , version 1 (16-05-2023)

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Grégoire Dougniaux, Mamadou Sow, Samuel Peillon, Christian Grisolia, Francois Gensdarmes. Monte-Carlo simulations of electrostatic self-charging of tritiated tungsten and beryllium particles. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 2019, 1322 (1), pp.012027. ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/1322/1/012027⟩. ⟨irsn-04099274⟩
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